About Dimapur, Nagaland
Dimapur is the ancient capital of the Kachari tribe, whose rule existed before the 13th century AD. The name Dimapur comes from the Kachari dialect. Etymologically Di means "water", Ma means "big" and pur means "city"; in effect, the name means "the city near the great river." The Kachari kingdom flourished in Dimapur in the days of old is evident from the existence of the Kachari Rajbari Fort ruins, housing the ancient stone monoliths, and the many excavated tanks dug by the royalty known even today as the Rajpukhuri, Padampukhuri, Bamunpukhuri, Jorpukhuri etc. to name a few. Dimapur is the main commercial hub and one of the three municipalities in the state of Nagaland, India, the other two being Kohima and Mokokchung. Dimapur is also a gateway to Nagaland and Manipur. The National Highway 39 that connects Imphal and the Myanmar border at Moreh runs through Dimapur. Dimapur is also an important military center, with the headquarters of the BRO Sewak located here. There is also a huge CRPF establishment and the Rangapahar army cantonment adjoining the municipality. The peace camp headquarters of the NSCN-IM faction is also located here. Dimapur is the only city in Nagaland which is connected by rail and air. The State of Nagaland was formally inaugurated on December 1st, 1963, as the 16th State of the Indian Union. It is bounded by Assam in the West, Myanmar (Burma) on the east, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam on the North and Manipur in the South. The State consists of seven Administrative Districts, inhabited by 16 major tribes along with other sub-tribes. Each tribe is distinct in character from the other in terms of customs, language and dress. It is a land of folklore passed down the generations through word of mouth. Here, music is an integral part of life; folk songs eugolising ancestors, the brave deeds of warriors and traditional heroes; poetic love songs immortalising ancient tragic love stories; Gospel songs that touch your soul (should you have a religious bend of mind) or the modern tunes rendered exquisitely to set your feet a-tapping. Nagaland is an ideal place for trekking, rock climbing, jungle camping and offers limitless exploration possibilities in its lush and verdant sub-tropical rain forests which are also a treasure trove of a plethora of medicinal plants.
How to Reach Dimapur
Dimapur owns an airport, which is the only airport of the state. Dimapur is connected by air route with the rest of the country with daily flights to Guwahati, Kolkata and Delhi
Dimapur roads connect Dimapur to other major cities of the north east India. NH-36 and NH-39 connects Dimapur to the rest of the country. Kohima the capital of the State, district headquarters, important towns and villages are connected to Dimapur by the Nagaland State Transport, Taxis and other mode of conveyances
Dimapur also own a rail station, which serves rail service to Guwahati connecting it to the rest of India.
Important Places to Visit
Just 5 km away, on the Dimapur-Kohima road is Ruzaphema, a place ideally suited for leisure and recreation with its colorful bazaars and a plethora of tribal handicrafts that are exclusive in their style, and unusually beautiful in their own way.
As the name suggests, the fall in Seithekima village of Dimapur district is a three tier waterfall. This three-tier waterfall plunges from a magnificent height of 300 m. It is beautiful destination for the trekkers.
Intangki Wildlife Sanctuary
The Sanctuary lies about 37 Km away from Dimapur. The Sanctuary is under the preservation of the Forest Wildlife Department. It is home to various animals including some rare species of birds.
The Zoological Park is located 6 kms away from the township of Dimapur with a total area of 176 ha. The topography of the area is gentle rolling plateau with low lying area ideal for aquatic birds. Inaugurated on 28th Aug. 2008. Mission of Nagaland Zoological Park is to inculcate and develop a sense of caring towards flora and fuana.
Diezephe Craft Village
Located 13 km from Dimapur, Diezephe Craft Village houses weavers and craftsmen, deft in the arts of woodcarving, bamboo and can works. Under the guidance of the Nagaland Handloom and Handicrafts Development Corporation Limited, this village has taken significant in these crafts, in the recent times.
Green Park is a cool place to relax or hangout for tourist as well as the locals alike. As its name implies it is full of Greenery. This park is located within the state Horticulture Nursery.
Kachari ruins are situated in Dimapur, the ancient Kachari capital. It is one of the important sites of megalithic culture. Though the Kacharis are predominantly Non-Aryan with elaborate rituals and the cult of fertility, there are evidences of a touch of Hindu influence on most of them.
Dimapur contains ruins of temples, reservoirs and other monuments of which the most notable are their monolithic structures. The monoliths represent the elaborate rituals of the cult of fertility. The beautifully executed entrances to these monuments is in pristine condition even now. Blocks of stone and brick pieces with various designs that lie scattered, still reveal the artistry. The North East Zone Cultural Center, which is about 3 km from the Dimapur railway station has a small well-maintained museum showcasing the cultural heritage of the Northeast.
It was in the month of November, 1961, a villager went to collect cane in the dense forest of Rangaphahar reserve forest where he found a big stone lying which was almost covered by leafs and ropes. Seeing the stone he decided to sharpen his machet (dao) on it. When he did so, a kind of liquid like substance oozed out from the stone.
He was very much surprised and returned home after collecting the cane. On that night he saw a dream where a Saint appeared before him and said that, "I am the stone where you had sharpen your machet (dao) today and, I am Lord Shiva, so kindly inform the villagers". But he did not take the dream seriously. Though he dreamt the same dream for three times he took it lightly, but on the fourth dream he was warned by the Saint that if he fails to inform the villagers something bad would befall on him. After that, he narrated the dream to the villagers, accordingly the village leaders, villagers and priest of Singrijan went to the spot, where it was found lying in the dense forest. The priest and villagers present, seeing the stone confirmed that it is indeed "SHIVA LINGAM". The people present tried their best to make the stone stand, but in vain. The villager priest advised all the villagers to pray at their respective homes so that, they find a way to make the lying 'SHIVA LINGAM' stand. An old man of the village saw a dream that the "SHIVA LINGAM" can be made to stand only if seven unmarried holy girls (seven Kanya) offers milk and pray over there. Accordingly it was performed and the the villagers were able to make the stone (Shiva Lingam) stand. Thereafter, people started to worship the stone. A temporary temple has been establish on the same spot by the villagers of Singrijan in the year of 1961. The first "SHIVA RATRI" Utsav was celebrated on 22nd February and then, every year the "Maha Shivaratri Utsav" has been celebrated in this temple with lakhs of devotees coming from all over the country.
Nagaland Bamboo Development Agency (www.nagalandbamboomission.org),
The Nagaland people have survived through the centuries with the diverse and varied uses of bamboo and its products. From the cutting of the umbilical cord to the mats that have wrapped the dead for burial, Bamboo has been integral to the life of the people in Nagaland. It continues to play a predominant role in the life of the people even today in every walk of life that ranges from agricultural tools and implements to shelter, food, and livelihood. Bamboo is the fastest growing and highest yielding renewable natural resource.
Nagaland Science Centre, the first of its kind in the state, has been setup behind the Naga Shopping Arcade. It has been setup with the primary objective of developing a scientific temper in the society and promoting creative learning of science in a informal way.
Japfu peak is situated in the south of Kohima, It is located at an altitude of 3,043 meters high. From November to March, during the dry season of Nagaland, the air is clear and the peak affords an excellent view of Kohima town and of distant, snow clad, Himalayan Peaks.
Dzukou valley is located at an elevation of 2,462 meters, behind Japfu Peak, looks like a mown lawn from a distance and is watered by a meandering stream, which often freezes in winter. In spring, it is rich with wild flowers and pink and white rhododendrons. There are also interesting caves in the low hillocks that cluster inside the valley. The best time for trekking is November to March.
It is situated at a distance of about 14 Km from Dimapur on NH 39. Chumukedima served as the first headquarters of the Naga Hills District of Assam State during the time of British rule in early period of the 19th century. The Department of Tourism is constructing a Tourist Village on top of a hill. From this spot one can capture a view of the whole of Dimapur and other parts of Karbi-Anlong of Assam. Few waterfalls located in this area are under exploration.
43 km from Dimapur is the Governor's Camp in the foothill, by the Doyang river. It is lovely spot for picnickers, rafters, anglers and campers.